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Alfonso IX of León
(1171-1230)
Berengaria of Castile
(1181-1246)
Philip of Swabia Hohenstaufen
(1178-1208)
Irene Angelina of Byzantium
(1172-1208)
Ferdinand (the Saint) III of Castile
(1199-1252)
Elizabeth von Hohenstaufen
(Cir 1203-1235)
Alfonso X the Wise of Castile
(1221-1284)

 

Family Links

Spouses/Children:
1. Mayor Guillén de Guzman

2. Violante of Aragon

Alfonso X the Wise of Castile 3343

  • Born: 23 Nov 1221, Toledo
  • Marriage (1): Mayor Guillén de Guzman
  • Marriage (2): Violante of Aragon on 26 Nov 1248 in Valladolid, Spain
  • Died: 1284, Seville, Spain
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  General Notes:

Alfonso X, called The Wise, king of León and Castile (1252-1282), son of Ferdinand III, whom he succeeded. His reign was turbulent, marked by fighting with the Moors, a series of civil wars, and an extended but unsuccessful attempt on his part to gain the crown of the Holy Roman Empire. He was deposed in 1282, after an insurrection led by his son Sancho IV, and died a fugitive at Sevilla (Seville). Alfonso promulgated the law code known as Las Siete Partidas (The Seven Parts). Himself a poet and author, he greatly stimulated the intellectual life of his time. A famous set of planetary tables, still known as the Alphonsine Tables, was prepared under his direction in 1252.

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  Noted events in his life were:

• He was employed. King of Castile & León.


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Alfonso married Mayor Guillén de Guzman, daughter of Guillen Prez de Guzman and Maria Gonsalez Giron. (Mayor Guillén de Guzman died in 1262.)


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Alfonso next married Violante of Aragon, daughter of Jaime I the Conqueror of Aragón and Yolande of Hungary, on 26 Nov 1248 in Valladolid, Spain. (Violante of Aragon was born before 1236 and died in 1301 in Roncevalles.)